A Big Year in Birding
Every January 1st Jeff wakes up early to get a jump start on counting all the new bird species that he sees. You see the process starts all over again each new year. So if Jeff saw a Dark-eyed Junco for example, on December 31st last year, it will not count for this year. He has to see another Dark-eyed Junco starting on January 1st to be able to count it for this new year. He will log the date and time of the siting on his birding checklist to keep track. It is not just one checklist either. Jeff has a backyard bird list, a county bird list, and a list for each state that he sees each species. There is also a life list, one for him and one for me. A life list is a list of all of the bird species that a birder has seen in his/her life time. Trust me this is not unusual. This is what a true dedicated birder does. I call them Bird Nerds!
What is A Big Year?
Keeping all of the different bird lists doesn’t necessarily mean that Jeff is doing a Big Year however. He has his own set of rules that he follows because you can keep track of bird species anyway you wish to do so. However, if he were to do “A Big Year” he would have to follow the guidelines of the American Birding Association (ABA). They have a set of rules and a code of ethics for recording birds that must be followed to officially do a Big Year.
One rule is that A Big Year begins at 12:00 AM January 1st and ends 11:59 PM December 31st of the same year. An example of a few more of these rules are listed below and taken from the ABA website:
1) The bird must have been within the prescribed area when encountered, and the encounter must have occurred within the prescribed time period.
(2) The bird must have been a member of a species currently listed on the ABA Checklist for lists within the ABA Area, on the AOU Check-list for lists outside the ABA Area and within the AOU Area, or on the Clements Checklist for all other areas.
(3) The bird must have been alive, wild, and unrestrained when encountered.
(4) Diagnostic characteristics, sufficient for the recorder to identify it to species, must have been seen and/or heard and/or documented for the bird encountered.
(5) The bird must have been encountered under conditions that conform to the ABA Code of Birding Ethics.
There are more conditions but you get the idea. Doing a Big Year is serious business and is not for everybody. Just like in the movie, it takes up all of your time away from your normal life and you are traveling thousands of miles, spending some good money, to try and beat a world record (780 species) or just have the highest number of bird species (at least 700 to qualify) than anyone else in a given year. What is the prize? You get the amazing title of being the Best Birder in the World which is quite an accomplishment in itself, and whatever else the title leads to (a book deal for example).
A Big Year in birding can be your own personal goal that you reach in any given year or it can truly be an official “Big Year” where you follow the American Birding Association’s guidelines and dedicate an entire year chasing after birds to check off on their birding record. One is obviously more challenging than the other but both are a lot of fun for the avid birder who takes birding very seriously.
Have you thought of doing a Big Year? Or do you just like to keep track of what birds you see throughout the year? Either way, I would love to hear from you and your experiences. Feel free to make a comment below.
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